Spinifex has traditionally had many uses for Australian Aborigines. The seeds were collected and ground to make seed cakes. Spinifex resin was an important adhesive used in spear-making. Smoke signals were made to communicate with families and groups a long distance away, as burning spinifex produces a strong black smoke.
Bunched together, spinfex is good for building shelters and as an instrument for spooning up water from deep soaks.
The star shape patterns in this painting represent the clumps of the spinifex grass as they grow across Joanna's country, Ahalpere.
Name: Joanna Kunoth
Skin name: Mpetyane
Language group: Anmatyerre
Area: Utopia Region, Central Australia